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People, Culture and Ethics (Spotlight Brief 2/21)

8 May 2021
Spotlight Brief
Strategic Analysis
People, Culture and Ethics

A strategic leadership theory of military effectiveness: General Matthew Ridgway and the revival of the US Eighth Army in the Korean War

Source: Australian Journal of Defence and Strategic Studies – Dec 20

Strategic leadership is critical to a military, but is a concept that can be difficult to grasp or define. An increase in tactical focus takes attention from understanding the role of strategy and the key elements that make up such strategic leadership. Meiser uses three building blocks – strategy, leadership and military effectiveness – to articulate and test the importance of strategic leadership, the role of people in creating and executing strategy and better ways of incorporating the impact of leadership on military effectiveness, including advancements in professional military education.

Related:

‘Towards Strategic Leadership’, ANZSOG, 2021

‘We Need To Rethink Strategic Leadership’, Forbes, 21 Jan 21

‘Leadership in an age of artificial intelligence’, Defence in Depth, 02 Dec 20

‘More Than A “Given:" Professionalizing Military Strategic Leadership’, Small Wars Journal, 01 Nov 20

‘General Matthew B. Ridgway: Attributes of Battle Command and Decision-Making’, Naval War College, 13 Feb 98

Gender Blindness in US Doctrine

Source: Parameters – Winter 2020

Comparing and contrasting US, NATO and Australian doctrine with respect to gender within planning offers an opportunity to benchmark against our allies and continue self-assessment. Prescott describes the – unchanged – importance of including gender within a military planning process and highlights that ADF Joint doctrine is arguably world leading in doing so within kinetic and non-kinetic operations. He also highlights a disconnect between the Australian Joint and Land approaches (contrasting JDN 2-18, Gender in Military Operations with LWD 3-8-6, Civil-Military Cooperation) that, while complimentary, suggests the Australian Army should consider reviewing to ensure it includes essential considerations within its planning process.

Related:

‘Women, Peace, and Security: Is DOD Turning a Human Rights Corner?’, Just Security, 17 Feb 21

‘Gender Blindness in US doctrine’, Decisive Point, 15 Dec 20

‘Policy Roundtable: How Gender Affects Conflict and Security’, Texas National Security Review, 27 Oct 20

‘Back to the basics: Gender blindness negatively impacts security’, Our Secure Future, 03 Mar 17

‘Practical guidance for gender-sensitive conflict analysis’, UN Peacemaker

The views expressed in this article and subsequent comments are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of the Australian Army, the Department of Defence or the Australian Government.

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