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Army Quantum Technology Roadmap

Executive Summary

Quantum technologies are a suite of emerging technologies that exploit the fundamental laws of nature to offer unprecedented capabilities in sensing, imaging, communications and computing. They are diverse, complex, generally early in technical readiness and demand new ways of thinking about the employment and exploitation of technology. Their true capabilities, limitations, most disruptive applications and associated counter-measures are still being discovered.

This combination of disruptive potential, ambiguity and complexity presents both strategic risks and opportunities to Land Forces. As a result, Army finds itself in an accelerating global competition to understand, co-develop and exploit quantum technologies for land operations.

This Roadmap seeks to frame and present Army’s approach to quantum technology in order to deliver Army a quantum advantage in land operations.

Three key points frame Army’s approach:

  • Australia is faced with the strategic challenge of converting its global leadership in quantum technology research into sustainable industrial and defence advantage.
  • Defence has a role in aligning extant research and development (R&D) capacity to Defence’s priority problems. This includes shaping and guiding these technologies as they develop to facilitate transition of technology concepts into capability for the warfighter.
  • In alignment with the strategic themes of adaptive thinking, partnering, sovereign industry and integration in Army in Motion and Accelerated Warfare, Army’s Roadmap will explore the potential use of quantum technologies for the land domain.

To develop Army’s quantum technology capability, Army will pursue four

  1. Establish. Rapidly establish a quantum innovation ecosystem focussed on land domain opportunities.
  2. Identify. Identify the most disruptive and advantageous applications of quantum technologies for the land domain.
  3. Develop. Develop the related technology, operating concepts and modified force designs.
  4. Support. Support Defence’s quantum technology strategy development.

To achieve the four objectives, four interacting lines of effort will be

Collaborate Growth of an Army Chapter of a Defence Quantum Innovation Community. Deep collaboration with the Chapter will allow for the convergence of ideas on the applications of quantum technologies, shared situational awareness of developing technologies, mapping of capabilities and supply chains, and the support of quantum education across Army, Defence and the defence industry.

Implementation of a rapid quantum application discovery and testing cycle via regular Army Quantum Technology Challenges (the Challenges). The Challenges will seek to identify the most promising applications of quantum technology, prior to the commitment of Army resourcing.

These Challenges will take a portfolio approach that balances technical risk with potential application value over the different types of quantum technology.


Focussed development of quantum technologies, operating concepts and force designs that will inform Army on how to best exploit quantum technologies to enhance existing capabilities and operations and to gain new capabilities and ways of operating. Army will seek to support inventors beyond the demonstration of operating concepts to enable them to continue to develop their technology and prepare for subsequent progress through the Capability Life Cycle.

This development and the Challenges may be supported by newly established simulation and testing facilities.

Refine Continuous curation of Army’s quantum technology understanding, landscaping, assessment and strategy.

End state

The conditions are set for Army to gain and retain an early quantum advantage in the Land domain.

This condition is marked by an engaged innovation ecosystem focussed on developing applications for land operations, identification of high-value applications of quantum technologies, the associated technologies, operating concepts and force designs under development, and a refined Army understanding and approach to quantum technology.

This Roadmap will be updated as quantum technologies, the global and domestic landscapes and Army’s understanding and approach evolves.

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